|Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)
Rembrandt, the greatest of all the Baroque masters settled in Amsterdam in 1631.
He took a sensuous interest and delight in the physical qualities of his medium, independence from the subject. He caked his surfaces with more paint than necessary, replaced exact imitation of form by the suggestion of it, and used a brown ground so that his paintings emerged from dark to light. He worked in complex layers, building up a picture from the back to the front with delicate glazes that allowed light to permeate his backgrounds and reflect off the white underpainting.