|Thomas Demand||Biography: Each of Thomas Demand’s photographs is one or more steps removed from reality, creating tension between the fabricated and the real. He begins with a pre-existing photograph of an actual location culled from the mass media. While his large-scale photographs resemble these mass-media images, they actually show three-dimensional, life-sized models made from cardboard and paper that Demand builds in his studio solely for the purpose of being photographed. Demand knowingly uses the traditional role of photography as a faithful transcriber of the world to throw his subject’s artificiality into doubt. This confounding of references is such that the very idea of an original recedes completely. Country: Germany Birthyear: 1964 Galleries: Thomas Demand’s photographs have been shown in group exhibitions for nearly a decade. Recent shows include Ars Viva 1995, Anhaltische Gemäldegalerie, Dessau (1995); New Photography 12, Museum of Modern Art, New York (1996); Positionen Künstlerischer Photographie in Deutschland Seit 1945, Martin Gropius Bau, Berlin, Elsewhere, Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and Stills: Emerging Photography in the 1990s, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota (1997); être nature, Fondation Cartier pour l’art ontemporain, Paris (1998); and Anarchitecture, De Appel Foundation, Amsterdam, and Grosse Illusionen: Thomas Demand, Andreas Gursky, Edward Ruscha, Kunstmuseum Bonn and Museum of Contemporary Art, North Miami, Florida (1999). Solo exhibitions of his work have been presented since 1991, including shows at Victoria Miro Gallery, London (1995, 1997) and 303 Gallery, New York (1998), and museum exhibitions at Centre d’art contemporain de Vassivière en Limousin, Beaumont-du-lac (1997); Kunst-halle Zürich and Kunsthalle Bielefeld (1998); and Tate Gallery, London (1999).